The

SENATE

Senate (1-20-2021).png

100

R: 50 Seats (50%)

D: 50 Seats (50%)

Page Last Updated January 20, 2021

Description

  • Upper House of the Congress.
  • 100 elected members; 2 from each state.
  • Part of the Legislative Branch.
  • Senators serve 6-year terms (no term limit).
  • 1/3 of the Senate is elected every 2 years.

Powers

  • Make laws.
  • Investigate.
  • Declare war.​
  • Appropriate funds/raise taxes

Unique Powers

  • Confirm Federal Judges, Supreme Court Justices, Cabinet members, and Ambassadors.
  • Remove Federal officials from office succeding impeachment.
  • Filibuster bills.
  • Ratification of Treaties.
  • Decides vice-presidential election in the event of a tie in the Electoral College.

Positions

  • President of the Senate (V.P. of the U.S.) - Kamala Harris (Democrat).
  • President pro-tempore - Patrick Leahy (Democrat).
  • Majority leader - Chuck Schumer (Democrat).
  • Majority whip - Dick Durban (Democrat).
  • Minority leader - Mitch McConnell (Republican).
  • Minority whip - John Thune (Republican).

Qualifications

  • Reside in the State they represent.
  • At least 30 years old.
  • U.S. citizen for at least 9 years.